Learn Double Declining Balance Method of Depreciation with examples

Home / Bookkeeping / Learn Double Declining Balance Method of Depreciation with examples


Sometimes, when the company is looking to defer the tax liabilities and reduce profitability in the initial years of the asset’s useful life, it is the best option for charging depreciation. To get a better grasp of double declining balance, spend a little time experimenting with this double declining balance calculator. It’s a good way to see the formula in action—and understand what kind of impact double declining depreciation might have on your finances. The result is your basic depreciation rate, expressed as a decimal. (You can multiply it by 100 to see it as a percentage.) This is also called the straight line depreciation rate—the percentage of an asset you depreciate each year if you use the straight line method. The DDB method records larger depreciation expenses during the earlier years of an asset’s useful life, and smaller ones in later years.

Like everything else, the double declining balance method has its own set of cons. Let’s assume that FitBuilders, a fictitious construction company, purchased a fixed asset worth $12,500 on January 1, 2022. The company estimates that its useful life will be five years and its salvage value at the end of its useful life would be $1,250. According to the straight-line depreciation method, the company will deduct $2,700 per year for 10 years – that is, $30,000 minus $3,000 divided by 10. Financial accounting applications of declining balance are often linked to income tax regulations, which allow the taxpayer to compute the annual rate by applying a percentage multiplier to the straight-line rate.

Accelerated Depreciation

For example, if an asset has a useful life of 5 years, the straight-line depreciation rate would be 1/5, or 20%. The Double Declining Balance Method depreciation rate would be 2 x 20%, or 40%. This is the length of time that the asset is expected to be used by the business. The useful life can be determined based on industry standards, the manufacturer’s recommendations, or the company’s experience with similar assets. It’s important to note that the Double Declining Balance Method is only one of several methods used to calculate depreciation. The most appropriate method will depend on the asset and business circumstances.

What is the amount of double declining balance depreciation for year 4 if the cost of an asset is $75000 the useful life is 5 years and the salvage value is $4000?

2 x (($75,000 – 0) / 5) $30,000.

And if it’s your first double declining balance method formula filing with this method, you may want to talk to an accountant to make sure you don’t make any costly mistakes. Depreciation is an accounting process by which a company allocates an asset’s cost throughout itsuseful life. In other words, it records how the value of an asset declines over time. Firms depreciate assets on their financial statements and for tax purposes in order to better match an asset’s productivity in use to its costs of operation over time. Of course, the pace at which the depreciation expense is recognized under accelerated depreciation methods declines over time.

What is the double declining depreciation method?

With your second year of https://www.bookstime.com/ totaling $6,720, that leaves a book value of $10,080, which will be used when calculating your third year of depreciation. The following table illustrates double declining depreciation totals for the truck. The next chart displays the differences between straight line and double declining balance depreciation, with the first two years of depreciation significantly higher. This equation is valid for all values of t up until the point where the asset attains its scrap value, or the straight line depreciation model actually shows a lower value. Here is an example to illustrate how to use double declining depreciation.

Also, in some cases, certain assets are more valuable or usable during the initial year of their lives. Therefore, by using the double-declining method, i.e. charging high depreciation expenses in initial years, the company can match the cost with the benefit derived through the use of the asset in a better way. Enter the straight line depreciation rate in the double declining depreciation formula, along with the book value for this year.

Double Declining Balance Depreciation – Examples Guide

The steps to determine the annual depreciation expense under the double declining method are as follows. Certain fixed assets are most useful during their initial years and then wane in productivity over time, so the asset’s utility is consumed at a more rapid rate during the earlier phases of its useful life. While the total expense remains the same over the life of the asset, the expenses are timed differently depending on the depreciation method you choose. Because depreciation costs are tax-deductible, you would pay lower income tax in the early years of asset use and higher taxes later on. There are some advantages to choosing double declining depreciation.